Remember when Cadillac’s thing was big – and big-engined – land yachts?
Here’s a measure of how much has changed since then:
Cadillac’s current “big car” – the XTS – is almost three feet shorter overall than a ’76 Fleetwood. And the Fleetwood wasn’t Cadillac’s biggest model back in ’76 (that would be the Fleetwood Seventy-Five, which was more than four feet longer than a new XTS).
Cadillac’s smallest car back in ’76 was the Seville – and it was two inches longer than the current XTS, the biggest 2014 model GM car you can buy.
The new Chevy Impala is only about three-quarters of an inch shorter overall – and has the same wheelbase as the XTS. It’s also got a bigger trunk.
Goodfellas, take note.
However, while the XTS may be modestly sized by historic Cadillac standards, it is still large relative to current standards, to other new cars in general. And it is several ticks larger than other manufacturer’s comparably priced luxury sedans – which are all mid-sized sedans, smaller overall and with far less room in the backseat.
The XTS also hasn’t got a big V-8 under its hood, but its newly available twin turbo V-6 puts out Cadillac-appropriate oodles of torque: 369 ft.-lbs. That’s actually slightly more torque (by 6 ft.- lbs.) than a ’76 Sedan deVille’s 8.2 liter, 500 cubic-incher made. And the twin-turbo’d V-6 XTS makes it into the mid-20s on the highway – whereas it was hard to get an 8.2 liter ’76 deVille into the teens, period.
So, times have changed – but not necessarily for the worse.
WHAT IT IS
The XTS is Cadillac’s top-of-the-line luxury sedan. It’s full-sized – but priced competitively with the mid-sized offerings of numerous lux-badge players such as BMW (5 Series) Audi (A6) and Mercedes-Benz (E Class).
Base price for the 2014 XTS is $45,525 – and even when equipped with the newly available 410 hp twin-turbo V-6 and AWD, the Caddy’s sticker price of $63,020 is still well below (by about $10k or so on the low end) the base price of the lux-brand full-sizers. Some of which – like BMW’s 7-Series and the Lexus LS450 – are still smaller than the XTS on the outside and less roomy on the inside.
The Caddy is also a kahuna compared with Lincoln’s largest – the Taurus-based (and mid-sized) 2014 MKZ.
In addition to the new twin-turbo engine, the 2014 XTS also offers automatic parallel parking assist and a dual-screen Blu-ray rear seat entertainment system.
V-Sport models also come with a more aggressive 3.16 final drive ratio, GM’s Magnetic Ride Control system, high-capacity Brembo brakes with “Cadillac” embossing – and a 20-inch wheel/tire package.
Still a big-un, relative to the competition.
Turbo V-6 delivers ’70s-era big V-8 torque.
Spiffy electronics – including flat-screen LCD dash and finger-swipe/hand-wave center stack controls.
Emphasizes posh – and quiet – as a big Cadillac ought to.
WHAT’S NOT SO GOOD
Hasn’t got the Elvisian presence a top-of-the-line Cadillac ought to.
If you use it, turbo V-6 is only slightly less thirsty than a V-8.
“Haptic” finger-swipe controls are not always immediately responsive (or respond in ways you didn’t intend).
Something startling has happened – and no one seems to have noticed.
Cadillac no longer offers a standard V-8 in any of its passenger cars. The STS and DTS were the last – and they’re gone now. Been gone since 2011, in fact.
The only current Cadillac car that even offers a V-8 is the ultra-performance version of the CTS, the CTS-V.
That’s quite a change from the days when Cadillacs always came not just with V-8s but the biggest V-8s GM had in the inventory. That ’76 deVille mentioned up above? It had 8.2 liters of V-8 under its aircraft carrier flight deck of a hood. It made even a Corvette’s 454 seem kinda small.
Alas, no more.
Cadillac – like its competitors – has been very discreetly moving toward ever-smaller engines, their output goosed on demand by turbos, in lieu of the always-thirsty V-8. The object being to maintain V-8 power/performance levels while being able to advertise better potential fuel efficiency. The former to keep customers happy – the latter, to keep the government off their backs.
So, the XTS offers two V-6s . . . and no V-8s.
Both are 3.6 liters in size – less than half the size of Cadillac’s high water mark 8.2 liter V-8s of the ’70s. One makes 306 hp and 264 ft.-lbs. of torque. The second – huffed on by twin turbos – swells to 410 hp and 369 ft.-lbs. of torque.
The first is adequate – the second transforms the car.
Now, a ’14 XTS is no ’76 deVille – or even an ’11 DTS – but it still weighs over 4,000 lbs. at the curb empty. That kind of bulk calls for torque – lots of it, right now.
264 ft.-lbs. is enough to keep up with traffic.
369 ft.-lbs. is enough to walk away from it.
It’s not merely that the turbo Caddy is quick (0-60 in about 5 seconds flat vs. 7.4 for the non-turbo version) it’s also got that surge of seemingly bottomless hand-of-god thrust at part throttle that once upon a time defined a big-engined Cadillac.
Both versions of the 3.6 V-6 are paired with a six-speed automatic, but the V-sport version with the turbo engine gets more aggressive shift tuning and steering wheel mounted paddle shifters – as well as standard all-wheel-drive and a sportier 3.16 final drive ratio to help the car launch harder.
The non-turbo engine can be ordered with – or without – AWD.
Gas mileage can range from decent – to deVille-esque – depending on your right foot.
On paper, the turbo V-6 is capable of 16 city, 24 highway. This is very close to what the base/non-turbo engine delivers (17 city, 26 highway with AWD) and theoretically much better than an old-school V-8 (like the ones that powered the recently retired DTS and STS) could deliver – at least, with the ignition key in the “run” position.
But like all turbo engines, if you make frequent use of the turbo – which effectively increases the engine’s ability to suck in air and fuel through the miracle of force feeding – you will see a marked decrease in your real-world numbers. During a week-long test drive, I averaged high teens – virtually the same mileage delivered by the recently retired and larger/heavier DTS, whose 4.6 liter engine returned 15 city, 23 highway, according to the EPA – and usually averaged around 18 or 19 with me behind the wheel.
To be fair, the ’11 DTS’s 4.6 liter V-8 made nowhere near the power the ’14 XTS’s turbo V-6 produces. But the point is, there’s no such thing as a free lunch. A small displacement turbo engine can give pretty decent fuel economy – if you keep your foot out of it.
But if you put your foot in it, forget about it.
The good news is, we still have the option. And we have that option only because going with these potentially more economical turbo engines amounts to an end-run around Uncle. He sees six cylinders instead of eight – and 16 city/24 highway instead of 14 city/19 highway (the mileage of the 6.2 liter V-8 CTS-V).
He’s happy. We’re happy.
I’ll drink to that – and so should you.
The twin turbo V-6 pulls like . . . well, an 8.2 liter V-8.
Maximum torque – all 369 ft.-lbs. – is available almost immediately, from 1,900 RPM up. This is what you want in a big – and heavy – car. No turbo lag, no need to mash the gas to get things going. It parts the waves effortlessly. Very deVille-like. But should you mash the gas, you’ll get a reaction that’s most un-deVille. Old school Caddy V-8s ran out of breath by 5,000 RPM. This turbo V-6 will snap to nearly 7,000 RPM on the adjustable redline LCD tachometer.
There’s no noticeable torque steer – the Haldex AWD system takes care of that – but the transmission probably ought to have eight gears instead of six (six being the de facto minimum expected of any 2014 model year car, let alone a top-of-the-line luxury car). And the shift timing/quality under full throttle could use some tweaking. I happened to have a new BMW 3 series GT the same week I had the XTS V-Sport. The BMW had an eight speed – and its WOT shifts were fast, furious – and perfectly timed – like Floyd Mayweather working some poor schmuck’s ribs. Snap – snap – snap! Right on the money, every time. The Caddy seemed a lot happier at half to three-quarters pedal, with the superabundance of torque compensating for the relative lack of gears to run through.
Ride and handling are likewise middling sporty – somewhere in between the old STS and the old man DTS. The power of the turbo V-6 is magnificent, though – and complemented by the sure-footedness of the standard Magnetic Ride Control system, which firms up the suspension as you drive in response to how you drive. And also the fairly aggressive 20-inch (40 series) Bridgestone Potenzas, which do an excellent job of providing high-speed lateral grip without a rough ride (or tire drone) on the highway.
To sum up, Cadillac has split the difference between something like the BMW 5 and something like the Lexus LS. That is, sporty – but not too sporty.
Sometimes, the middle is the right ground to hold.
AT THE CURB
Another area where the XTS splits the difference is size. It is a smaller car (by almost half a foot) than the recently retired DTS – formerly Cadillac’s largest car – but almost half a foot longer than the also-recently-retired STS.
At 202 inches long overall (vs. 207.6 for the DTS and 196.7 for the STS) the full-sized XTS casts a longer shadow than than price-competitive mid-sized luxury cars like the BMW 5 (193.1 inches) and Benz E-Class (192.1 inches) and it’s about the same size overall as much more pricey full-size stuff like the Audi A8 (202.2 inches). If you want a noticeably larger car than the XTS. you’ll need to upgrade to something like a Benz S-Class (206.5 inches) and that will cost you nearly twice the base price of the Caddy.
The XTS is also a roomier-than-most car – both relative to the price-equivalent competition and also relative to the price not-equivalent competition. The Caddy’s 42.1 inches of legroom up front beats the BMW 5 (40.5) and Benz E (41.3) and its second row legroom (40 inches) pummels them. The 5 Series has only 36.1 inches of second row legroom; the Benz E even less (35.8 inches).
Those figures are 4 inches less than the current Toyota Corolla’s, fyi.
To obtain spreading out room that’s comparable to the XTS, you’ll need to move up to the full-sized stuff like the A8 or a 7 Series BMW or LS Lexus – all of which cost orders of magnitude more and which in several cases are still less slightly spacious than the XTS. The A8, for instance, only has 41.3 inches of legroom up front – and 38.9 in the back. The full-sized Lexus LS has a roomy first row (43.7 inches) but a second row (35.8 inches) that’s even more cramped than most of the mid-sized stuff previously mentioned.
Caddy offers more than merely space, though (you can get that in a new Impala). As a top-of-the-line luxury car, the XTS is a rolling Taj Mahal defined not by what it has but what it hasn’t got – which is very little. “Base” models come with multi-zone climate control, 8-inch touchscreen, Bose stereo, leather/suede upholstery and wood trim, power tilt/telescoping steering wheel, Xenon HID headlights and power actuated everything. That’s expected. Unexpected stuff includes the way the LCD touchscreen senses your hand before your hand actually touches anything. The Star Trek: Next Generation finger-swipe controls (GM calls this “haptic”). The driver-configurable – and completely LCD – dash cluster. The available collision avoidance/rear cross trafffic system that vibrates your butt cheek – either the left or the right, depending on which direction the threat is coming from.
It’s all very 22nd Century.
You can up the Buck Rogers quotient with an optional Heads Up Display for the driver and dual fold-out Blu-ray LCD monitors for the backseat passengers.
High-end flourishes include available LED backlit exterior door pulls and interior door panel accents, a velveteen rabbit suede headliner and panorama sunroof.
Rain sensing wipers, adaptive cruise control, a power rear sunshade, heated steering wheel – order pretty much everything (including the V-Sport package and 410 hp V-6) and you’ll be looking at just over $69k ($69,095 to be precise). My car had the cherry on top – White Diamond Tricoat white paint, a $995 option. Total tab: $70,090.
Cross shop the size (and features and performance) comparable competition.
A base BMW 7 – with about 100 fewer horses and without AWD – starts at $74,925.
It’s a similar story at the other stores.
The touch-sensitive “haptic” controls will definitely amaze your friends – but they may also flummox you. At least until you get used to swiping (and gently tapping) the touch-sensitive pads – rather than pushing old-timey buttons.
The three-stage heated (and cooled) seats merely warm and cool – but the heated steering wheel gets roasty toasty. You can feel the heat even through gloves – and on bare hands, it’s almost spa-like.
The seats ought to be just like that.
Backseat legroom is – as discussed – exceptional but headroom can be tight for taller drivers if the car is ordered with the optional sunroof.
Cadillac might want to look at – and may be looking into – a diesel or hybrid variant. BMW has just put a diesel engine option on the table for the ’14 5 Series that’s capable of almost 40 on the highway. And the new E-Class Benz comes standard with a 40 MPG-capable diesel and also offers a hybrid powertrain that can be driven up to about 22 MPH on the batteries. This lets Benz get away with selling a few 17 MPG V-8s (E550).
Cadillac could use something like that to take the edge of its fairly thirsty engine lineup. To keep Uncle distracted.
So we can still get 410 hp turbo Cadillacs.
THE BOTTOM LINE
Elegant, swift and spacious. Just not outrageous.
But after all, it’s 2014 – not 1974 – and Elvis long ago left the building.
Throw it in the Woods?
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Go-6pod review, and got my interest up sufficiently to go to the Caddie place and try one out. Not impressed – I felt genuinely crowded in the cockpit, esp. as compared to my current hi-way ride (old Park Avenue); why is it that all the manufacturers must strap us into a cockpit these days? Longing for the old bench seat, or, at least a fold-down console.
There are a few Park Avenues on autortrader – might have to grab another before they’re all gone.
Oh, and yeah, they’re like 5900 instead of 59000!
The old Cadillac’s had a 501, not a 511. They also had a 472.
Johnny, the 501 was only for one year and they went to the 472 again but then went back to the same engine they called the 501 and called it 500. It seems arithmetic changed in those years somehow since the 500’s and the 501 had the same internal measurements. It was probably a partial they rounded up and then down. I haven’t figure it and it’s a moot point. They did continually drop the HP even using the same compression ratios. The bad boy was 400hp and 550 lb feet of torque in ’70 before the regular gas debacle. GM made some bodacious big blocks in 1970 of all flavors.
“Goodfellas take note……?”
OMG Eric, you’re actually developing a sense of humor. 😉
Cadillac has been really on top of things mechanically speaking & performance wise the last decade. Unfortunately I can’t remember the last time I looked at Cadillac styling and thought, “That looks cool.”
I’ve wondered why we don’t see more LCD display dashboards. They have to be cheaper to produce than all those actuators and plastic parts. I know GM’s digital dash on the 1980s Corvettes was panned by most critics, but I’d think an LCD with a sufficient frame rate and “analog” gauges should be just fine. And given GM’s desire to reuse everything everywhere they could just have a standard physical dash with customized layout for different models. Allowing for further customization becomes a marketing point too.
Also, what’s the deal with all those buttons on the steering wheel? Did you find yourself accidentally pushing buttons when you didn’t intend to? Were they able to duplicate all the functions of the touchscreen (they should never be put in an automobile, since you MUST take your eyes off the road to use one).
In re the ’80s-era Corvette (and Buick Reatta and some others, too) that had digital dashes: The technology then available looked a little corny and functionally, wasn’t very reliable (as well as very expensive).
Today, it probably is much cheaper to use an LCD display – and they seem to be pretty stable as well as not corny looking.
I’m ambivalent about the touch screen stuff, too
But it appears to be the wave of the future and all we can do is stand, King Canute style, at the shore and try to hold back the tide.
eric, I think this proves what I have said for years, there ain’t no free ride. Big profile, heavy car is going to hit you in fuel mileage no matter what. I have friends who change pickups every 2-3 years looking for that new great mileage. 20 year old diesels pull that same big travel trailer with about the same fuel consumption. Poking a big, heavy vehicle hole in the wind is something you can’t fudge. A friend bought a new Dodge diesel crew cab 4WD dually last year and was miffed at the 13mpg. 6 tires on the ground, a huge profile, I guess you might want a couple mpg more but don’t count on it, esp. with the way exhaust systems must be practically oxygen emitters.
I recently read an old article about the development(it was such a ass-sucking thing)of the Caddy ATS. Did you test that and I missed it?
And what about that downsized Duramax diesel GM had years ago? What happened to that?
This deal with the small CC turbo’d engines? It’s nothing more than a flim-fam. A way to tout theoretically improved mileage (turbo off-boost) while still giving buyers what they really want (power on demand).
But the whole thing’s oxymoronic, in that if you want a luxury (or performance) car you’re buying it for those reasons and (should) accept that fuel efficiency takes a back seat. Same goes for work trucks, etc.
If you want an economy car, then economy is the priority.
It’s government that creates these distortions by imposing “wants and needs” that don’t have any real existence. I mean, consider the guy who buys a car like this Cadillac. He is throwing down $70,000 – by definition, he is not worried too much about the cost of fuel or miles per gallon.
Imagine if the government mandated that economy cars got to 60 MPH in 6 seconds or less. It’s exactly the same principle.
We aren’t supposed to have these cars (or trucks). That’s why we have CAFE instead of fuel taxes.
Americans wouldn’t put up with such direct obvious taxation the way europeans do. Productive people in the US are taxed as much or more, but its all here and there, nickle here, dime there or hidden away in bills on services or payroll deductions or inflation. It’s always made non-obvious. If productive americans as a group ever added up all the taxes they pay there could be revolution by tuesday. Even the existing gas taxes are non-obvious but people will notice the jump in pump price.
But government, to realize the dreams of the ruling class, has to control our choices some how. Plus they are more vicious than in europe, to control the choices rather than just encourage via taxation.
So we get CAFE. CAFE is designed to force these vehicles off the market. The exception for light trucks gave us the SUV market reaction to interference after the big CAFE die off of full size passenger cars. New CAFE goes after them too.
Government isn’t placing wants and needs on luxury car buyers, it doesn’t want any of us to be luxury car buyers. Luxury cars would be crafted in workshops and costs hundreds of thousands of dollars and be out of reach for us mundanes making less than multi millions a year.
Touch screens also set you up more for repetitive strain injury than buttons do, unless they aren’t rigidly mounted (so mobile telephones have much less of this sort of problem). That’s because when it’s fingers versus buttons the buttons give more, but when it’s fingers versus rigidly mounted touch screens the fingers give more.