2016 Subaru Forester XT

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I don’t look at the Subaru Forester XT as (god help us) another crossover SUV. I look at it as what it is…

A stealth WRX.'16 Forester XT lead

An M80 in a ladyfinger wrapper.

Did you know you can get one with more or less the same engine – turbo’d, intercooled boxer four – as in the WRX?

But without the rep, the insurance hit and the buzz-kill that comes with the justified paranoia of owning a car that every cop recognizes as a Known Offender?'16 XT engine 1

Ah yes, my little chickadee.

In the Forester, you’re just another crossover jockey. These things are slow, right?

Actually, no.

But no one needs to know.

WHAT IT IS'16 Forester 2

The Forester is Subaru’s not-quite-compact, close-to-mid-sized crossover (ugh, that again) wagon. Four doors – plus a hatchback fifth.

More ground clearance than a car, yada yada yada.

It differs from the others in several ways, including having got there first. Long before there were “crossovers” there were Subarus – and they came standard with all-wheel-drive (still do; it’s usually optional in the newbies) and were (and still are) the only crossovers that are powered by a boxer engine. This is an engine that lays flat instead of upright, the advantages being a lowering of the center of gravity (and enhancement to handling) and a naturally balanced engine that does not need heavy external balancers to keep from vibrating obnoxiously.

The regular Forester pretty much ends there.'16 Forester XT 3

But wait – there’s more.

Subaru will also sell you (sotto voce) a WRX on the down low. This is the Forester XT – which also comes with AWD and a boxer engine, only it’s turbocharged and intercooled and makes 250 hp instead of 170 and gets you to 60 three seconds sooner (and quicker than competitor crossovers).

It moves, it handles – and it’s good in the snow.

It may not have a big wing – or gold anodized wheels – but it does have74.7 cubic feet of cargo capacity… vs. 12 cubic feet for the WRX sedan.

Prices for the XT start at $29,195 for the Premium trim; $33,795 for a Touring.

This is a step up from the base Forester’s MSRP of $22,395.

But then, you really do get what you paid for.

WHAT’S NEW'16 Forester Starlink pic

All trims get an updated version of Subaru’s Starlink system (roadside assistance, automatic collision notification/SOS emergency and vehicle health reports) as well as an updated LCD touchscreen. But the XT gets a nicer (and larger) seven-inch (vs. 6.2 inch) touchscreen.

Total cargo capacity has been increased from last year’s already generous 68.5 cubic feet to 74.7 (best in class).

Otherwise, the Forester line carries over unchanged.


Pulls like a WRX, looks like a Mom Mobile.

Unique boxer engine; standard AWD.

Does most of what a WRX can – and things it can’t (like carry 74.7 cubes’ worth of stuff).

The Man won’t know.'16 XT with dog


Looks like a Mom Mobile.

Six-speed manual that’s available in WRX isn’t in the XT.

Almost $30k means you will pay to play. XT starts out about $2,600 more than the WRX sedan.


The XT’s engine is the same basic 2.0 engine used in the WRX sedan.

It may in fact be exactly identical.

The only obvious  difference is the rated horsepower – 250 in the XT and 268 in the WRX. But flipping through the specs, it’s hard to find any mechanical reason for the XT’s lower rating. Same turbo (and same boost – 18 psi). Same intercooler; same (apparently) internals.'16 XT engine 2

The difference may be a marketing difference.

Such things have been done before. The classic example may be the 1970 Camaro Z28 and the 1970 Corvette. Each had the same LT-1 350 V8, but the Corvette’s LT-1 got a higher rating, even if the output was actually identical. Because, after all, it was in a Corvette.

Perhaps the same has happened here. WRX jockeys will feel better if they’re told their car has 18 more hp than the XT, which is, after all, not a WRX.

There are some important differences, though.

The biggest being you can’t get an XT with a manual transmission. The best you can do is Subaru’s new continuously variable (CVT) automatic with eight simulated speeds. You can toggle through these manually if you like, using the paddle shifters on the steering wheel.'16 XT si drive

As in the WRX, there are multiple drive modes; these are are normal (I), sport (S) and sport sharp (S#), which dials up full manual mode for the CVT, more aggressive shift programming and (yep) sharper throttle response.

Other performance-minded enhancements include a 4.11 final drive ratio (vs. 3.70 for the regular Forester with the 2.5 engine and CVT) as well as direct injection (the Forester’s standard 2.5 engine still uses port fuel injection, which is less efficient and also makes less power).

So, how speedy is she?

Zero to 60 in just over six seconds flat. This is three seconds (plus) quicker than the regular Forester (which needs about nine-plus) and only about half a second behind the WRX with the six-speed manual and just a tenth or two behind the WRX with the CVT automatic.

The XT is also speedier than other crossovers.

Last week, I tested a Chevy Equinox (see here) with a 301 hp V6, the strongest engine in the class. It’s about half a second slower than the Soobie, because it’s about 600 pounds heavier. The XT weighs 3,624 pounds; the Chevy’s over 4,000.

That weight also gets felt in the curves (more on this below).'16 XT AWD image

As mentioned already, the XT – like all Subarus – comes standard with all-wheel-drive. This is an important thing to bear in mind when shopping, especially when shopping other crossovers. Because it’s usually the case that AWD is optional (i.e., extra cost) and often, you also have to buy a more expensive trim (Equinox) or an optional engine (Ford Escape) to get it.

Subaru also offers more in the way of bad-weather capability than most conventional crossovers. Not just the standard AWD, either. Ground clearance is exceptional (8.7 inches) vs. the typical seven-ish for most of the rest and an available X-mode that combines Hill Descent Control with a special program for the traction/stability control system designed to keep you moving up slippery hills and prevent you from sliding down those same slippery hills.'16 XT X mode

If you can keep your foot out of it, the XT is capable of giving you very good gas mileage, too: 23 city, 28 highway. I, however, averaged 22.3 MPG … because I could not keep my foot out of it.

One thing the XT is not good at is pulling stuff. The max tow rating is just 1,500 lbs., less than half what lunkers like the V6 Equinox can manage (3,500 lbs.).

Also, the turbo engine craves premium unleaded. You can feed it regular, but the computer will de-tune the performance (and the mileage) so you lose either way.

Unless you pay.   

At the pump, that is.

ON THE ROAD'16 Xt road 1

You can’t spin the tires.

That’s my only objection. But then, I am a hooligan and spinning the tires – though childish fun – is not how you get going quickly. You do that by not spinning the tires.

By hooking them up.

This is the purpose of the XT’s all-wheel-drive system.

It makes use of every horsepower made by the 2.0 turbo engine, transmuting all 250 (268?) into forward motion rather than black marks on the asphalt. It is also specifically designed for lateral grip. High speed cornering. This is highly unusual, crossover-wise. The AWD systems in most crossovers are set up to keep the thing from sliding around in a straight line. Some of the higher-end models have systems (e.g., Acura’s Super Handling All Wheel Drive) also meant for the corners, too. But in its class – and relative to the price-comparable competition – the XT is something special.

Or rather, something like the WRX.'16 Xt boxer engine pic

Which brings us back to the 2.0 engine it shares with the WRX. It is a short-stroke mill (86 mm bore vs. 90 mm for the regular Forester’s 2.5 liter engine) designed to rev quickly, which it does. This quick-to-spin personality is enhanced by the lower weight of the boxer engine’s naturally balanced reciprocating assembly.

There is a reason why Porsche also favors this design.

The engine also produces – and maintains – its peak torque outputof 258 ft.-lbs. (same as the WRX’s)  from 2,000 RPM up  through 4,800 rpm (vs. the standard Forester engine’s much lower 174 ft.-lbs. that’s made much higher on the dial, 4,100 RPM). What it means is immediate thrust whenever you want it. The thing pulls like a spurred in the haunches Clydesdale – and will continue to pull through triple digits and into WRX top speed territory (which shall remain theoretical for purposes of this public discussion).'16 XT road 3

I’d prefer a manual myself but the CVT acquits itself well by not behaving at all like a CVT. It is programmed to mimic a conventional automatic, right down to the driver-selectable (if you want to) eight “speeds.” The chief clue that it’s a CVT is the impossibly quick (for a regular automatic) downshifts. You can go from “eighth” to “third” in the blink of an eye – skipping everything in between. It’s super cool, because there’s no time lost gearing down. You are there – immediately.

But, again, the manual six-speed would be more fun. But it might also blow the XT’s cover.

AT THE CURB'16 XT curb 1

A WRX is slightly quicker… and whole lot less practical.

Especially since Subaru dropped the hatchback wagon version and currently only sells the WRX in sedan form.

Which means a really small trunk (12 cubic feet) vs. the XT’s 31.5 cubic feet. And that’s with the back seats up. Drop ’em and the XT’s got 74.7 cubic feet of space for stuff, almost six times the WRX’s available space – and more than pretty much every other crossover in this class.

For example, the Chevy Equinox – which is larger – only has 63.7 cubic feet of total cargo capacity. The Ford Escape – which is about the same size as the Soobie – has 63.7 cubic feet.

The XT even has more cargo space than the former cargo capacity champ, Honda’s CR-V, which has 70.9 cubic feet.'16 XT interior 4

Front seat legroom is exceptional, too: 43 inches. The second row’s also roomy (38 inches). And it’s really roomier than the specs indicate because there’s so much fore and aft adjustment potential. If you’re not an NBA forward, you probably will not need to scoot the driver’s seat to full extension – which will give the person sitting behind you even more legroom.

The XT comes with its own special gauge cluster, including two LCD panels in the center stack. The upper (smaller) one features multiple gauges, including one for the turbo boost, another for the engine temperature and a third – unusually – for throttle position. It tells you (as if you didn’t know) how deeply your right foot is in it, which will probably be often.'16 XT composite

Below this is the new higher-resolution (and larger, in the XT) touchscreen for the infotainment, which also features smartphone-style finger pinch control. The system  includes Pandora, iHeartRadio, Stitcher and numerous additional apps.

The main gauges are analog – speedo and tach with a smaller info screen in between.

Subaru packages the XT as a luxury model as well as the stealth performance model. You’ve got your choice of loaded Premium or really loaded Touring, which comes with everything the Premium has (including the very worth-having Cold Weather Package with heated seats and windshield wiper nozzles, plus the panorama glass roof) and a really nice 440 watt  HarmanKardon premium audio rig.

Which, by the way, still has a single disc CD changer. In case you haven’t had time yet to transfer your stuff to your iPod or smartphone.

THE REST'16 XT tocuscreen

The new touchscreen is a bit… touchy.

Like all of them, it’s easy to inadvertently select the thing you didn’t want, or dial up too much (or too little) volume and so on because there is no positive, tactile, mechanical button or knob involved. With a flat screen, you can’t go by feel alone because there is nothing to feel. It’s easy to miss – and you have to look.

This is the disadvantage to all of them. Subaru has crutched this defect with secondary mechanical (and tactile) controls for some functions, such as the audio volume – which you can also adjust via steering wheel-mounted buttons.

Still, it can be aggravating to use at times.

So why are these touchy touchscreens so popular? In part because they are … popular. People like the smartphone-style appearance  and because the “nice” cars have them it is becoming expected (else your car is not “nice”). Also, the displays make it easy to give you more stuff to play with than would be possible via old-style buttons and knobs (because there is only so much room for those) while with an LCD display, it’s easy to scroll through multiple displays.    


If you like the performance of the WRX but need something with more room – and a lower profile – you might want to take a look!

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  1. hey Eric thanks; that was really helpful and so were the comments. Could anyone possibly confirm what is claimed by folks at Edmunds.com, who seem to have caught something missed by everyone else. On 2015 + 2016 Forester, only base model has 74.7 cu. ft. cargo space. All the other trims only have 68.x – due to lower roof height needed to accommodate sunroof. That’s kind of a big deal for me…. thank you

    • Hi Chuck,

      I used the specifications provided by Subaru to journalists; it’s certainly possible there’s a disparity. Sometimes, the car companies get tricky with the numbers, as potentially here. It is usually true that a sunroof reduces headroom, for instance. And the company might tout the head room without the sunroof rather than with. It’s technically accurate… for the care without the sunroof.

      I’ll see what I can find in re the cargo room.

  2. This review make me happy. You touched upon many of the reasons I love soobie’s and why this car may be in my future: powerful boxer engine, great handling, AWD, low center of gravity, roomy, and light weight compared to other vehicles in its class-all Subaru characteristics that I love and I hope they would keep. Thanks for the review.

      • eric, I was reading the latest Amsoil eletter and it was a good article regarding DGI and TDGI. I’ll insert of bit of what they said. It sheds a lot of light on oil usage.
        Amsoil Article:
        The industry trend toward smaller engines that deliver increased power and fuel efficiency has been well documented. The AMSOIL Newsstand contains several articles about the key technologies that enable today’s advanced engines – turbochargers, gasoline direct injection (GDI) and variable valve timing (VVT). These articles have mainly addressed how these technologies affect motor oil.

        In short, they’re brutal on oil. It’s one of the reasons more automakers are installing synthetics at the factory.

        Fuel dilution can be a problem
        To summarize, GDI technology locates the fuel injectors directly in the cylinder (hence the name), as opposed to the manifold. This arrangement allows for greater control over injection, allowing engineers to fine-tune engines for greater efficiency and power. A side-effect of this process, however, is fuel contaminating the oil. As fuel is sprayed into the combustion chamber, “it can wash past the rings and down the cylinder walls, into the oil sump”. Ford* has seen the issue frequently enough to release a technical service bulletin (14-0040) titled “Fuel Odor From Engine Oil and/or Engine Oil Level Overfull” to address F-150 trucks equipped with the 3.5L Ecoboost* engine. Fuel dilution varies by engine type and driving conditions, with some vehicles showing no issues.

        There are two main side-effects of fuel in the oil. First, fuel thins the oil, sometimes reducing the viscosity below the specified grade. If not accounted for in the design of the engine, this can affect wear rates and have an effect on systems that use the oil to function, like VVT.

        Second, significant fuel contamination increases the rate of oil degradation. For these reasons, oil analysis labs typically condemn oil samples when the fuel content is greater than 5 percent.

        I just wanted to add something about the way engines have been built in the past, esp. boosted engines, to reduce blowby. Some engine makers have used tiny holes in the top of pistons to increase the pressure on rings. It’s probably still done on some race engines.

        But now with EPA emissions being so tough and the CAFE standards also being ridiculous, we don’t see this on street engines any longer. Isuzu once used it on the Duramax engine but I’d bet it’s been gone a long time now. I think Mercedes used it on some boosted engines as well. Now we see engine builders doing such as using double super slick rings for oil and compression both. It becomes more difficult to do it every year.

        The days of crosshatch honed cylinder walls and letting rings seat to them are sure over.

  3. The fun factors of speed and handling requires tires that enhance those qualities. That alone ensures lousy performance in rain, snow and ice regardless of AWD. traction control and hill descent. That is doubly so with a high performance engine making the tires twitch with even the slightest throttle input and 75 cubic feet of cargo shifting around the hold. Just another fair weather vehicle.

    • Hi CC,

      If I had one, I’d have a set of tires for winter and a set for summer; there are also “in between” tires and – trust me – even with the factory tires, this car’s capabilities are higher than nine out of ten driver’s.

  4. This is all well and good but what about the one quart per 1200 miles oil consumption? My (bought new) 2015 Outback uses about a quart of synthetic 0-20 oil ($10 per) every 4500 miles (or less). Subaru says that is normal consumption actually better than some. This is a NEW car with 13,000 miles on the odometer. I consider this unacceptable. The Subaru owners manual page 11-11 states, “If your oil consumption is greater than 1 quart every 1200 miles or 1 liter every 2000 kilometers, contact your Subaru dealer who may perform a test under controlled conditions.” This is my forth Suby and I never had any oil burning, dripping, leaking, or blow through previously. I believe this is a ploy for better gas mileage using slippery rings that allow blow by in the engine. Caveat Emptor.

    • Hi 2Knives,

      I agree with you. A quart of oil every 1,200 miles is excessive. I’d be very concerned about (among other things) fouling the catalytic converters. I recommend you contact Subaru directly. Not the dealer. Explain the issue; hopefully, they will be more responsive than your dealer has been.

      • eric, wasn’t excessive oil consumption the death of the RX 8? I detest feeding oil to an engine. I was pleased to no end when the change to Amsoil on my 6.5 Turbo Diesel Chevy resulted in a significant reduction in it’s oil use.

        And was astounded that the transmission leak on the wife’s car was stopped by Amsoil fluid. Mechanic in a bottle came to mind.

        • Hi Eight,

          Yup – but the RX8 had the rotary; totally different engine and unique issues.

          What 2Knives describes is not normal for an engine that isn’t old and tired.

    • Late-model Subarus have a reputation for oil, head gasket, and CV joint consumption. A friend of mine recently bought a used, low-mileage Outback and right out of the starting gate needed to have the head gaskets and drive axles replaced, work that cost him a few thousand dollars since the cars was purchased “as-is” from a private party. (An internet search will show this is not an isolated incident.) Not sure yet what the oil consumption is going to be on it but it would not surprise me to find that it eats oil as well.

      This wasn’t the case with Subaru’s late 1970s/early 1980s pushrod 1600cc engines. Those were low on power but pretty much bulletproof. I hear people all the time saying how reliable Subarus are but that assessment seems to be based on what the company was building 35 years ago.

    • 2knives, you need to contact SOA and keep going to your staelership so if necessary you create enough visits on file (get a receipt or take time stamped pic of your visit consultation each time) that you might be able to get lemon status, especually if there is an issue down the road.
      I have a 2015 wrx with 8200 miles and i havent had to add a drop of oil between changes. And i (at times) flog it hard and do some hooning of my own so it isnt babied.
      Is yours an xt equipped with the fa20 turbo or an older ej series 2.5L?
      I will say the old 2.5s are certainly oil burners.

    • Check the PCV valve. My ’02 EJ251 pushed a lot of oil through the PCV and into the intake. The cause? Probably excessive blow-by. The solution? A catch can would have worked, but I sold it.


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