Ford has announced it will be bringing a new – and compact-sized – truck to market in about four years. That’s something which doesn’t exist anymore.
Not new, anyhow.
The last compact-sized truck you could buy new was also a Ford – the Ranger – which was retired after the 2011 model year. Since then, your options have been mid-sized (which is closer to what full-sized used to be) or super-sized, today’s Behemothian full-sized trucks. Some of which are so huge they come with a step-ladder built into the bed.
So, something more manageably-sized would be welcome.
But what Ford has on deck won’t really be a truck. It will be more like a downsized, modernized El Camino – or Ranchero, the Ford version of the same thing – from back in the day.
In other words, a car with a bed.
In fact, there’s a lot that’s potentially good. Provided, of course, you don’t actually need a truck.
Lots of people fall into that category. It’s the same category, basically, that has made crossovers so successful. They are SUV-looking vehicles which aren’t really SUVs (the real ones are based on trucks) but offer some of the real-deal SUV’s utility – interior space, ride height – without the real SUV’s liabilities (bulkiness, thirstiness).
Similar deal here.
The new “truck” – tentatively named the Courier – will be based, first of all, on a front-wheel-drive car (the current Focus) just like most crossovers – with all-wheel-drive likely to be available as an option. This is a good thing because either way, it ought to be better in the snow than the rear-drive-only El Camino and Ranchero.
Like two-wheel-drive (rear-drive) trucks, the Elco and Ranchero were light in the tail, which isn’t good for traction, even in the dry. They also sat pretty close the ground – and clearance can be as important in the snow as whether you’ve got traction.
Or even AWD.
But it won’t be four-wheel-drive – except in the marketing sense.
Not that there’s anything wrong with that, either.
Four-wheel-drive (“4WD” or “4×4”) used to mean the system you found exclusively in trucks. It meant part-time (usually) 4WD and so rear-drive unless the driver engaged the system, which then split the power 50-50 front to rear.
AWD systems are also (usually) always on – and automatically route power from the wheels that are slipping to those which aren’t – in an almost infinite ratio, almost infinitely variable.
This helps with high-speed handling as well as traction. It is why many high-performance cars are also AWD.
Truck-type 4WD has a traction advantage in heavy snow, mud and off-road due to the additional mechanical leverage of 4WD Low range gearing, engaged via a two-speed transfer case -a feature most AWD systems lack.
But, there is no high-speed handling/cornering advantage.
In fact, truck 4WD is not meant to be engaged on dry, paved roads – and should be disengaged unless it is really snowing or the going is really rough.
AWD is a handling advantage on dry (and wet) roads because it has more flexible power-transfer capabilities. Some systems can route 100 percent of the power to the front or the rear wheels – and any ratio in between – as well as modulate power to individual wheels (truck-type 4WD cannot do this).
So unless you actually do go off-road, need to deal with deep snow and mud – AWD is arguably the better choice.
Truck-type 4WD has another disadvantage vs. AWD: weight. The heavier-duty components – including most especially the truck-type 4WD system’s two-speed transfer case – can add several hundred pounds to the curb weight of the vehicle, which makes it thirstier and slower.
The Focus-based Courier probably won’t be able to tow (or carry) as much as a “real” truck. In part because it will be a small “truck” but also because there won’t be a big V8 up front – or even a big V6 – under its hood. And because there won’t be a heavy-duty bolt-on subframe underneath it, either.
Like the car it’s based on, the Courier will be a unibody design – and will be powered by a small four cylinder engine, possibly turbocharged.
The old Ranger – when ordered with its optional V6 – was rated to pull just under 6,000 lbs., which was stout for a little truck and much more than most cars (and car-based crossovers) can tackle
But if you didn’t order the V6, the Ranger’s tow rating dropped to just 2,200 lbs.- not much more than most cars and less than some of them.
Probably, the 2022 Courier will max out somewhere in between. It will almost certainly be rated to pull at least 3,500 lbs. – which would be more than the base/four-cylinder Ranger. If it can be designed to handle 5,000 or so pounds, it would be able to deal with more weight than most cars – and most car-based crossovers, too.
And it will probably get much better gas mileage than the V6 Ranger’s ravenous (for its size) 15 city, 19 highway. Those numbers, for reference, are just barely higher than the same-year and full-size and V8-powered Chevy Silverado 150, which posted 14 city, 18 highway.
If Ford manages to smuggle one of the diesel engines it currently sells in several of its European cars, the Courier’s mileage could be twice that of the old Ranger. This little latter-day El Camino/Ranchero should be more agile and easy to drive, too – given it’s really a car.
But no need to rub that in – when it’s a good thing!
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